John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (9 October 1940 8 December 1980)
the musician, singer, songwriter, and peace activist who gained
worldwide fame as one of the founding members of The Beatles.
With Paul McCartney, John Lennon formed one of the most
influential and successful songwriting partnerships of the 20th
century and "wrote some of the most popular music in rock and
roll history" with George Michael & Ringo Starr. John Lennon is
ranked the second most successful songwriter in UK singles chart
history after Paul McCartney
John Lennon revealed a rebellious nature, and biting wit, in his
music, on film, in books, and at press conferences and
interviews. John Lennon was controversial through his work as a
peace activist and artist. After The Beatles, John Lennon enjoyed
a successful solo career with such acclaimed albums as John
Lennon/Plastic Ono Band and Imagine and iconic songs such as
"Give Peace a Chance" and "Imagine". After a self-imposed
"retirement" to raise his son, John Lennon reemerged with a
comeback album, Double Fantasy, but was murdered less than one
month after its release. The album would go on to win the 1981
Grammy Award for Album of the Year.
In 2002, respondents to a BBC poll on the 100 Greatest Britons
voted John Lennon eighth. In 2004, Rolling Stone magazine ranked
Lennon number 38 on its list of "The Immortals: The Fifty
Greatest Artists of All Time" (The Beatles being number one).
John Lennon was also ranked fifth greatest singer of all time by
Rolling Stone in 2008. He was posthumously inducted into both the
Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1987 and the Rock and Roll Hall of
Fame in 1994.